The intrinsic strategic nature of the act

The generative semiotics of the 'Paris School', which is based on that linguistic tradition originated from De Saussure and Hiemslev - and whose most representative member is Algirdas Greimas - offers incredibly appropriate instruments to approach (and dissect) a symbolic system. According to the generative hypothesis, semiotics is the study of systems and processes of signification. The basilar postulate is that the signification of a text can be articulated in different levels, from the most abstract to the concrete, along the 'generative trajectory'.

The instruments of semiotics are useful to study not only the field of action in its specific sense, rather that of transformation and deviation of this action, following a conception, at least for what semiotics of Greimasian influence is concerned, which interprets the act starting from its intrinsic strategic nature. According to the semiotic perspective, every subject taking part in a interaction is composed of different functions, which are progressively filled of different modal propositions and values, that are 'will', 'have to', 'can', 'know', 'believe', 'be', and 'make'; such modalities, inherited from linguistics, can constitute different combinations forming a subject which can be described as a multiplicity of agents accomplishing different plans of action. In this sense, subjectivity is not a compact and monolithic structure, because the stratification of the subject is constituted of different layers and levels interweaving a dynamic balance, thus the interrelation among subjectivities is interpreted by semiotics as a 'polemic' exchange of fluctuating modalities that are components of action. The binary conception conceives the constitution of languages, up to the construction of sense and signification, through differences: sense would not be given in any positive and atomistic manner, but through disparity and relations between differences. Any value, or component, that constructs a significate, would be given by the difference in relation to another value.